• If you are citizen of an European Union member nation, you may not use this service unless you are at least 16 years old.

  • Finally, you can manage your Google Docs, uploads, and email attachments (plus Dropbox and Slack files) in one convenient place. Claim a free account, and in less than 2 minutes, Dokkio (from the makers of PBworks) can automatically organize your content for you.


Demographic Transition Model

Page history last edited by catrin treanor 5 years, 9 months ago


Watch this video clip...


Read all about it on coolgeography


Use this table to complete a description  of each of the 5 stages


for level of industrial development:

stage 1 - Primary sector dominant

stage 2 - the start of the agricultural and industrial revolutions. Trade in primary and processed goods.

stage 3 - Industrial growth - service sector expansion

stage 4/5 - service sector becomes dominant



The UK

a. Complete your case study using page 159/60 and your outline table.

b. consider:

  • How well does the UK fit the model?
  • What type of factors are mostly responsible for the changes in birth and death rates?
  • Are there places where changes happen that the model does not predict?
  • What about the present day? - read the information below - what else didn't the model predict in stage 4?


now?  latest data here   ONS info:   

Since 1964 the population of the UK has grown by over 10 million people (18.7%).  About half of this growth has occurred since 2001.

Over the earlier part of this period population change was driven mainly by variation in the number of births.  Population grew throughout the 1960s up until the early 1970s mainly as a result of the 1960s baby boom; while over the rest of the 1970s growth was subdued, reflecting falling fertility.  The very large birth cohort of 1960s baby boomers beginning to have children saw births, and hence the population, grow again in the 1980s, but births declined again through the 1990s.

A time series of UK births and deaths data on a calendar year basis is available in the Population and Health Reference Tables published by ONS.

Since 2001 there have been high levels of net inward migration, adding to the population at younger working ages. In part this was driven by the expansion of the European Union in 2004 and 2007.  This period has also seen an increasing number of births, driven by both the immigration of women of childbearing age (15-44) and rising fertility among UK-born women. 

    see the graphs 



India - complete these tasks using the handout form the geofactsheet to help you.


Currently in Stage 3 of the Demographic Transition - but scroll to the end of this article to find out if India will reach stage 4 of the DTM?


The validity of the model - tasks to complete.


Now you are ready to write a 15 mark answer:

Examine the strengths and weaknesses of the Demographic Transition Model (15)



What about population structure?




Comments (0)

You don't have permission to comment on this page.